Article Index

An Overview of Catholic Funeral Rites by the United States Conference of Bishops

 

"At the death of a Christian, whose life of faith was begun in the waters of Baptism and strengthened at the Eucharistic table, the Church intercedes on behalf of the deceased because of its confident belief that death is not the end, nor does it break the bonds forged in life. The Church also ministers to the sorrowing and consoles them in the funeral rites with the comforting Word of God and the Sacrament of the Eucharist." (Order of Christian Funerals, no. 4)

Vigil Service (Wake)

"At the vigil, the Christian community keeps watch with the family in prayer to the God of mercy and finds strength in Christ's presence" (Order of Christian Funerals, no. 56). The Vigil Service usually takes place during the period of visitation and viewing at the funeral home. It is a time to remember the life of the deceased and to commend him/her to God. In prayer we ask God to console us in our grief and give us strength to support one another.

The Vigil Service can take the form of a Service of the Word with readings from Sacred Scripture accompanied by reflection and prayers. It can also take the form of one of the prayers of the Office for the Dead from the Liturgy of the Hours. The clergy and your funeral director can assist in planning such service.

It is most appropriate, when family and friends are gathered together for visitation, to offer time for recalling the life of the deceased. For this reason, eulogies are usually encouraged to be done at the funeral home during visitation or at the Vigil Service.

Funeral Liturgy

The funeral liturgy is the central liturgical celebration of the Christian community for the deceased. When one of its members dies, the Church encourages the celebration of the funeral liturgy at a Mass. When Mass cannot be celebrated, a funeral liturgy outside Mass can be celebrated at the church or in the funeral home.

At the funeral liturgy, the Church gathers with the family and friends of the deceased to give praise and thanks to God for Christ's victory over sin and death, to commend the deceased to God's tender mercy and compassion, and to seek strength in the proclamation of the Paschal Mystery. The funeral liturgy, therefore, is an act of worship, and not merely an expression of grief.

Rite of Committal (Burial or Interment)

The Rite of Committal, the conclusion of the funeral rite, is the final act of the community of faith in caring for the body of its deceased member. It should normally be celebrated at the place of committal, that is, beside the open grave or place of interment. In committing the body to its resting place, the community expresses the hope that, with all those who have gone before us marked with the sign of faith, the deceased awaits the glory of the resurrection. The Rite of Committal is an expression of the communion that exists between the Church on earth and the Church in heaven: the deceased passes with the farewell prayers of the community of believers into the welcoming company of those who need faith no longer, but see God face-to-face.

 

Some clarifications from the Diocese of Rockville Centre

  1. Since in baptism the body was marked with the seal of the Trinity and became the temple of the Holy Spirit, Christians respect and honor the bodies of the dead and the places where they rest. (OCF, 19) For the final disposition of the body, it is the ancient Christian custom to bury or entomb the bodies of the dead (OCF, 19) after the manner of Christs own burial. The Church earnestly recommends that the pious custom of burying the dead be observed; it does not, however, forbid cremation unless it has been chosen for reasons which are contrary to Christian teaching. (canon 1176, 3)
  2. In addition to the requirements of culture or custom, the desire for cremation is generally the specific choice of an individual before death for a number of reasons that may be judged good or pastoral and, therefore, can be accommodated.
  3. Cremation, however, may also be requested by the family of the deceased for what also may be judged good or pastoral reasons that can be accommodated.
  4. It is to be presumed that the faithful who choose cremation have the proper motives and good intentions. However, when a doubt arises, consult the Chancellors Office.
  5. When cremation has been chosen for a acceptable reasons, the various elements of the funeral rite the vigil, the funeral liturgy and the final commendation and farewell should be celebrated with the body present.
  6. The rites ordinarily performed at the grave, crypt, or cemetery chapel may be performed in the crematory building. In the event there is no other suitable place for the committal rites, the crematory building can be used, provided always that the danger of scandal or religious indifferentism is avoided.
  7. The cremated remains must always be treated with respect. They should be either interred or entombed, preferably in a Catholic cemetery.
  8. The Funeral Mass is usually celebrated with the body present. Cremation occurs after the Funeral Mass. However, In the United States, if the body has been cremated prior to the funeral liturgy, the cremated remains may be brought into the Church for the funeral liturgy.
  9. The cremated remains may not be scattered or disposed of in any manner other than a dignified interment or entombment.

Order of the Funeral Mass



INTRODUCTORY RITES

Greeting
The celebrant meets the family/funeral procession at the doors of the church with words of greeting, “The grace and peace of God our Father, who raised Jesus from the dead, be always with you.”  We respond, “And also with you”.  He continues in prayer while sprinkling the casket with Holy Water.  The pall is then placed on the casket.

Gathering Hymn
As the funeral procession walks down the aisle led by the celebrant the Gathering hymn begins.

Invitation to Prayer
After everyone is seated the celebrant asks those present to pray: “My brothers and sisters, we believe”, or similar words.

Opening Prayer
The celebrant prays one of several choices of prayers.
 

LITURGY OF THE WORD
 
Family members or friends are encouraged to participate in the Liturgy of the Word by assuming readings that are chosen.

First Reading (Old Testament)
A member of the family or another person reads one of the selected Old Testament readings from the Order of Christian Funerals.

Responsorial Psalm (Song of Praise)
Usually the responsorial psalm is sung.  The psalm can also be read by a family member or friend.

Second Reading (New Testament)
A member of the family or another person reads one of the selected New Testament readings from the Order of Christian Funerals.

Gospel
The celebrant or deacon reads the Gospel from the selections in the Order of Christian Funerals.  The Gospel is usually chosen by the family.

Homily
The celebrant often refers to the thoughts that have been provided by family or others that show how the loved one lived out the Christian way and values.

General Intercessions/ Prayers of the Faithful
The celebrant opens the Intercessions with a short prayer.  A member of the family may read the intercessions they chose during the meeting with the Bereavement Minister.  More than one person may read them.  The celebrant finishes with a short prayer.

 
LITURGY OF THE EUCHARIST

Presentation of the Gifts

Lord’s Prayer

Communion
Please bear in mind that the priest invites all Catholics in a state of grace to come forward and receive Holy Communion…and to those Catholics who are not prepared or who are not members of the Catholic Church, he kindly asks them to remain seated, and in a state of prayer for the eternal repose of the deceased.

Song of Farewell (Incensing)
The Song of Farewell is usually sung during the incensing.  Hymns such as “Jesus Remember Me” should be chosen as they are easily sung and repeated.

Prayer of Commendation 
The priest commends the deceased into the hands of Our Lord.  He then prays “In peace let us take our brother/sister to his/her place of rest,” or something similar when the funeral procession will be proceeding to the place of burial. The casket is prepared by the funeral directors and the procession leaves the church.

Recessional Hymn (Sending Forth Hymn)
The priest leads the procession out of the church at which time the hymn that the family has chosen is sung.  The family follows behind the casket.  The pall is removed at the doors of the church.